Never Been Done Before – A New Way To Study Quarks.
Quarks are elementary particles and a fundamental constituent of matter.
They are the smallest things we know of and are not made up of anything smaller or simpler.
Quarks come in six different “flavors”: up, down, charm, strange, top, and bottom.
They are never found alone in nature, but are always found in combination with other quarks to form protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom, and other subatomic particles like mesons.
Quarks are believed to be the building blocks of protons and neutrons, which make up the majority of the matter in the universe.
Scientists are investigating how matter gets its mass by confining quarks.
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A novel method for investigating quarks, the fundamental particles that make up the protons and neutrons in atomic nuclei, has been proposed.
This innovative approach has never been attempted before and could provide answers to many fundamental questions in physics, particularly the origin of mass in matter.
Foreign [Music] Never been done before a new way to Study quarks quarks are Elementary Particles and a fundamental constituent Of matter they are the smallest things We know of and are not made up of Anything smaller or simpler quarks come In six different flavors up down charm Strange top and bottom they are never Found alone in nature but are always Found in combination with other quarks To form protons and neutrons in the Nucleus of an atom and other subatomic Particles like mesons quarks are Believed to be the building blocks of Protons and neutrons which make up the Majority of the matter in the universe Scientists are investigating how matter Gets its mass by confining quarks to Stay up to date with latest top stories Make sure to subscribe to this YouTube Channel by clicking the button above This video a novel method for Investigating quarks the fundamental Particles that make up the protons and Neutrons in atomic nuclei has been Proposed this Innovative approach has Never been attempted before and could Provide answers to many fundamental Questions in physics particularly the Origin of mass and matter the study of Matter can seem a bit like opening a Stack of Russian Matryoshka dolls each
Level down revealing another familiar Yet different arrangement of components Smaller and harder to explore than the One before at our everyday scale we have Objects we can see and touch whether Water in a glass or the glass itself These are mostly Arrangements of Molecules too small to see the tools of Physics microscopes particle Accelerators and so forth let us peer Deeper to reveal molecules are made from Atoms but it doesn't stop their atoms Are made from a nucleus surrounded by Electrons an atom is the smallest Component of an element it is made up of Protons and neutrons within the nucleus And electron circling the nucleus data GT translate attributes equals attribute Data control tep format HTML atom its Properties and its mass but it doesn't End here either the nucleons are further Composed of less familiar things known As quarks and gluins and it's at this Scale that limits to our knowledge of Fundamental physics present a block as To explore quarks and gluins they must Ideally be isolated from each other However at present this seems to be Impossible when particle accelerators Smash atoms and create Showers of atomic Debris corks and gluins bind again too Quickly for researchers to explore them In detail new research from the University of Tokyo's Department of
Physics suggests we could soon open up The next layer of the Matryoshka doll to Better understand our Material World we Need to do experiments and to improve Upon experiments we need to explore new Approaches to the way we do things said Professor Kenji Fukushima we have Outlined a possible way to identify the Mechanism responsible for core Confinement this has been a Long-standing problem in physics and if Realized could unlock some deep Mysteries about matter and the structure Of the universe the massive subatomic Quarks is incredibly small combined the Quarks in a nucleon make up less than Two percent of the total mass and gluins Appear to be entirely massless so Physicists suggest the majority of Atomic mass actually comes from the way In which quarks and gluins are bound Rather than from the things themselves They are bound by the so-called strong Force one of the four fundamental forces Of nature including electromagnetism and Gravity and it's believed the strong Force itself endows a nucleon with mass This is part of a theory known as Quantum chromodynamics qcd where Chromo Comes from the Greek word for color Which is why you sometimes hear quarks Referred to as being red green or blue Despite the factor colorless rigorous Proof that the strong force gives rise
To mass remains Out Of Reach said Fukushima the obstacle is that qcd Describes things in such a way that Makes theoretical calculations hard our Achievement is to demonstrate that the Strong force within a special set of Circumstances can realize core Confinement we did this by interpreting Some observed parameters of quarks as a New variable we call the imaginary Angular velocity though purely Mathematical in nature it can be Converted back into real values of Things we can control this should lead To to a means to realize an exotic state Of rapidly rotating Quark matter once we Learn how to turn our idea into an Experiment reference perturbative Confinement and thermal Yang Mills Theories induced by imaginary angular Velocity by Shai Chan Kenji Fukushima And Yusuf shimada 8 December 2022 Physical review letters DOI 10.11035's Revel at .129.242002 Foreign [Music]