Synthetic bacteria becomes smallest lifeform that can move around.
Japanese scientists have engineered the smallest lifeform that can move on its own.
The team introduced bacterial proteins that enable movement into a simple synthetic bacterium that normally cannot move, causing it to change shape and become mobile.
In 2010 scientists at JCVI unveiled the world’s first completely synthetic lifeform – a micro-organism derived from a synthetic chromosome made up of four chemicals and designed using a computer.
Over the years other scientists tweaked the recipe to give the organism the smallest, simplest genome possible, while allowing it to grow and divide like natural cells.
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In the new study, scientists at Osaka Metropolitan University edited the latest version of the organism, known as syn3, to give it a new ability – movement.
This synthetic bacteria is usually spherical and can’t get around on its own, so the team experimented by adding seven proteins thought to allow natural bacteria to swim.
Foreign [Music] Bacteria becomes smallest life form that Can move around Japanese scientists have Engineered the smallest life form that Can move on its own the team introduced Bacterial proteins that enable movement Into a simple synthetic bacterium that Normally cannot move causing it to chain Shape and become Mobile in 2010 Scientists at jcvi unveiled the world's First completely synthetic life form a Microorganism derived from a synthetic Chromosome made up of four chemicals and Designed using a computer over the years Other scientists tweaked the recipe to Give the organism the smallest simplest Gen impossible while allowing it to grow And divide like natural cells to stay up To date with latest top stories make Sure to subscribe to this YouTube Channel by clicking the button above This video in the new study scientists Said Osaka Metropolitan University Edited the latest version of the Organism known as syn3 to give it a new Ability movement this synthetic bacteria Is usually spherical and can't get Around on its own so the team EXP Experimented by adding seven proteins Thought to allow natural bacteria to Swim these proteins were derived from a Bacteria species called spiroplasma Which has a long Helix shape and can
Swim by reversing the direction of that Helix when the proteins were added to Syn3 it changed from its usual round Form to the same Helix shape of Spiroplasma and most importantly was now Able to swim using the same technique Our swimming syn3 can be said to be the Smallest mobile life form with the Ability to move on its own said Professor Makoto Miata co-lead author of The study the results of This research Are expected to advance how we Understand the evolution and origins of Cell motility studying the world's Smallest bacterium with the smallest Functional motor apparatus could be used To develop movement for cell mimicking Micro robots or protein-based Motors the Research was published in the journal Science advances dot the team describes The work in the video below Foreign [Music]